Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig)
Scottish Gaelic belongs to the Goidelic branch of the Celtic languages. In the 18th and 19th centuries, large numbers of Gaelic speakers left Scotland and emigrated to Canada, especially Cape Breton, where they established Gaelic speaking communities. Gaelic speakers can still be found in Cape Breton today, especially in Inverness County, the North Shore, Iona and Christmas Island. Other areas of Canada where Gealic speakers settled include Glengarry and Bruce counties in Ontario, the Eastern townships of Quebec, and Manitoba.
Gaelic was spoken in most parts of Scotland from the ninth to the eleventh centuries, but is spoken today by just more than 1% of the population. There are substantial pockets of Gaelic speakers in the Outer Hebrides and the Highland and Strathclyde regions. Almost 10% of Gaelic speakers live in Glasgow. Gaelic has no official status in Scotland today, but it is used in some committees in the Gaidhealtachd and in Gaelic related debates in the Scottish Parliament.
Irish also belongs to the Goidelic branch of the Celtic language family. Irish is spoken in all of the 26 counties of the Republic of Ireland (Éire), and the 1937 Constituition gave Irish offical language status along with English. All students in state primary and secondary schools study both Irish and English, and public services are legally mandated to be available in both languages.
1.43 million people or 43.5% of the population self-reported that they spoke Irish to some degree in the 1996 census. About 76% of the population of the Gaeltacht (along the Western seaboard) speak Irish.
Welsh belongs to the Brythonic branch of the Celtic languages family. This language is spoken in Wales and Patagonia, South America by approximately 600,000 people.